International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Judicial Institutions and Leaders on Rise of Separatism in Pakistan (1947-1971)
Dr. Rizwan Ullah Kokab, Al-Kitab House, Mahboob Hussain

Pakistan’s bifurcation in 1971 was the culmination of a Bengali Movement. The paper compares the role of judiciary as one of the institutions of the state with the impact of the leadership of the country in respect of the disintegration of the state. The independence of the judiciary in the period when the Bengali Movement strengthened has been examined. Then the actions or verdicts of the judiciary regarding the issues linked with the separatism have been assessed. It was observed that judiciary itself was dominated and steered by some personalities whose influence confirmed the significance of the leaders in directing not only the institution but also the state. One of a few leading judges, Justice Munir, then through partial injustice supported the leaders of Pakistan in their mistakes and slip-ups regarding the obstruction of the separatism oriented Bengali Movement.

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