International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Problems of Regulating Distribution of Population in Azerbaijan Republic
Zakir Eminov

Serious economic and sociopolitical changes took place after emergence of new independent countries in the late twentieth century. These changes significantly influenced on the process of population distribution that found its reflection by demographic indicators. In Azerbaijan Republic, the changes were related to decrease of employment level, increase of poverty, weak organization of social assistance. During transitional period of the country, natural increase rate of population sharply declined. Decrease of production output of industrial enterprises was responsible for decline of number of workers in urban areas. Consequently, many processes, including growth of emigration of urban residents, enfeebling of migration of population from rural areas to large cities, and reduction in rate of natural increase by both cities and rural settlements were typical for demographic situation in Azerbaijan. As a result of these processes, the urbanization rate has not been changed within the last 40 years.

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