International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online)

An Exploration into the Challenges Facing Practitioners of International Human Resource Management: A Literature Review
Michael S. Chambers

Abstract
A corporation’s growth strategy influences its decisions regarding both mergers and decisions to enter into foreign markets and compete for international market share. However, entering into culturally diverse countries is the first hurdle these organizations must overcome. Past research and practice have demonstrated that it is unwise to export U.S. human resource (HR) practices to another country. It is preferable to strike a balance between HR practices tailored to the host country’s laws, society, and culture. This study explored the issues encountered by international organizations and global HR management practitioners within the existing literature. Globalization becomes a business strategy as organizations compete for consumers across borders. Thus, globalization becomes a deliverable for HR practitioners to add value by transforming and integrating HR throughout the organization as a core business process. Recommendations for business leaders are discussed to address practical implications, and further research recommendations are discussed.

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