International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

SMEs Context of Turkey from the Relational Perspective of Members' Perfectionism, Work Family Conflict and Burnout
Asst. Prof. Sezer Cihan Caliskan, Asst. Prof Selma C. Arikan, Asst. Prof Ezgi Yildirim Saatci

Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) became the driving force of nations' economies for a long time. Related concepts such as entrepreneurship, start-ups, innovations and alike also started to forge major academic research domains and real life practice. SMEs, especially in Turkey represents family-owned organizational structures with as high as 94 percent, therefore they hold the dynamics of work-family balance in a larger milieu. On the other hand, in order to attain high standards, perfectionism is welcomed in the culture and seen as an influencing factor for the success. In this paper, the impact of adaptive and maladaptive forms of perfectionism on work-to-family (WFC), and family-to-work (FWC) conflict, and burnout syndromes of the employees of Turkish SMEs are investigated. Research questions related to "how different aspects of perfectionism as individual antecedents affect WFC, FWC, and burnout; and whether WFC and FWC acted as mediators between perfectionism and burnout" are detailed in that context. Sample of 342 white color employees working full time in private SMEs in Istanbul, Turkey were selected and the Structural Equation Modeling results showed the differential effects of adaptive and maladaptive forms of perfectionism on WFC, FWC, and burnout. Furthermore, indirect effects of maladaptive perfectionism on burnout through WFC and FWC were confirmed by the SOBEL tests with implications for further research areas.

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