International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Critical Issues of Al-Maarri in "Resalat-el-Ghofran" (Letter of Forgiveness)
Mohammad Fawwaz Ghannam

The text of Resalat-el-Ghofran of Al-Maarri remains a creative critical pattern. It contained his critical vision in many literary criticism issues in a critical, discreet manner founded on argument and proof. This study tackles the most important critical issues discussed by Abu Al-Alaa Al-Maarri in his letter, such as: essence of poetry, the new things he added to the definition of the earlier people, the plagiarism issue, ascribing the poetry to its composer, prioritizing a certain opinion over others. In all these, he depended on a comparison and balance among poets in a very unique critical method, combining between the vision of the poet, the human, the critic, the philosopher, and his attitude about the poetry thefts and Al-Rajaz poetry, which he rated low. He reasoned this by a mature critical method, and explored the function of poetry, and the relation of the Jinn with poetry. Resalat el-Ghofran remains an inexhaustible wellspring, it is a wealthy material for those who give careful consideration and sparkle their natural talents.

Full Text: PDF