International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Work and Family at War: Does Individual Difference Matter
Eric Delle, Helen Kwasema Arkoful

Work-family conflict has become a central focus of research in research times due to significant changes in organizational demography. In view of this, we sought to investigate individual differences in work-family conflict in the Ghanaian context. We examined differences in work-family from the perspective of managerial status (i.e. manager versus non-manager); sex (i.e. male versus female workers); and marital status (i.e. married versus nonmarried workers). Using cross-sectional survey design, data were collected from a convenient sample 100 participants. The participants were selected from 5 banks in the Ghanaian business environment. Independent ttest was used to test the hypotheses. In addition, partial eta square was calculated to determine the effect size of the independent variables. The results showed that managerial level workers experienced significantly higher level of work-family conflict than non-managerial workers. Similarly, married workers experienced significantly higher level of work-family conflict than non-married workers. However, no statistically significant sex difference in work-family conflict was observed. The findings were consistent with the role and spillover theories of workfamily conflict. The implications and limitations of the findings were discussed.

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