International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Implementation of Poverty Reduction Policies: An Analysis of National Targeted Program for Poverty Reduction in the Northwest Region of Vietnam
Do Kim Chung, Nguyen Phuong Le, Luu Van Duy

This paper examines policy implementation process for poverty reduction in the Northwest region, Vietnam where poverty rate is still almost triple in comparison with national average. Among several reasons, weaknesses in policy implementation play a crucial part. Based on secondary and primary data which collected from six provinces in the region, findings indicated that inaccurate beneficiary determination, top-down planning approach, lack of resource, misused resources, slow decentralizing process and improper monitoring system were key constraints in policy implementation for poverty reduction in the region. The study therefore, recommends that (i) planning process should be decentralized to commune level; (ii) resource mobilization and allocation should be handled by local government; (iii) a package support for a commune is ideal to enhance the effectiveness of poverty reduction policy implementation; and (iv) a good poverty monitoring system should be based on local community’s participation.

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