International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Rural Urban Migration in Kosovo
Besim Gollopeni

Humanity has gone through a very long road of development since vague antiquity up to nowadays. It was a very long and complicated way. Population migrations in early XXth century and the second half of the XXth century, as both inside and outside countries has significantly increased. Migrations mainly, currently represent a multidimensional spatial, social, economic, demographic, and political problem, determined by a large number of factors, often conditional and complex. Migrations as a phenomenon are manifested due to unequal social, economic, natural and political conditions. Migrations of population in almost every country of the world have become uncontrollable process of quantitative and qualitative evolution of the population. They took an important place in Kosovo after 1970 and especially after 1999, caused by social, economic, political, motives and so on, as well as associated by different social, demographic, and economic effects. Therefore, through the use of observing, analytical, statistical and comparing, methodologies, the study highlighted the motives and effects of rural-urban migration in Kosovo, and finally gives some conclusions and recommendations. Among the main motives that lead to rural-urban migration in Kosovo are as following: Poor living conditions in rural areas, including road infrastructure, services, education, unemployment, no application of agriculture, etc. Meanwhile, the migration effects are: abandonment of homes, uncultivated lands, brain drain, the postponement of marriage, aging of rural population etc.

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