International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Antecedents of Entrepreneurial Intention: An Integrative Model
Melissa Griswold, Vicky Eidson, Kiran Bhayani, Veronica A. Martinez, John C. Palmer

The purpose of this study was to examine potential influences of gender-role on entrepreneurial intention by incorporating Bem’s (1974) gender role orientation variables into the entrepreneurial intention framework proposed by Liñán and Chen (2009). Results indicated that when personal attitude toward entrepreneurship (PA) and perceived behavioral control (PBC) were entered into a regression analysis predicting entrepreneurial intention, their effects overwhelmed those of the gender role variables (i.e., masculinity, femininity, and androgyny). Based on this finding, separate regression equations for PA and PBC were then generated in which gender role variables were treated as predictor variables. Results of this analysis indicated that masculinity was a significant positive predictor of both PA and PBC while femininity was a negative predictor of both variables. Surprisingly, after controlling for the influences of other variables, androgyny was not a significant predictor of either PA or PBC. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.

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