International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Teachers’ Perceptions toward the Use of Urdu Language in Teaching/Learning English as a Foreign Language
Muhammad Ahsan (Ph.D. Scholar); Prof. Dr. Mamuna Ghani; Dr. Abdul Khaliq

The purpose of the current study was to explore the teachers’ perceptions towards the use of Urdu language in English as a foreign language classroom at degree level. Moreover, it was also anticipated to investigate whether there were resemblances or dissimilarities in the way learners and teachers observe the use of Urdu in English language classroom settings. Through this study the researcher tried to uncover the intentions and reasons for which the teachers make use of Urdu in their English language classroom inside and outside activities and similarly, to indicate the situations and the actions in which they choose for not using their L1. To find out an obvious understanding of this subject matter, the study focused on the 156 teachers who were teaching English at graduation level in different public sector colleges and universities of the Southern Punjab, Pakistan. Questionnaire tool was used to collect the data. The data were analyzed through SPSS (statistical package for social sciences).Data were analyzed using descriptive analyses, Analysis of variance (ANOVA) etc. The results of the study indicated that the teachers showed highly positive perceptions regarding the use of L1 in L2 classroom. The majority of the respondents preferred using Urdu in certain situations for specific reasons such as while learning about grammar and its usage in L2 classroom, discussing course policies, attendance, and other administrative information, explaining some difficult concepts, to give directions about exams and in introducing the aim of the lesson, to discuss tests, quizzes, and other assignments appropriately. Similarly, they were highly motivated to use Urdu while teaching and comprehending summaries and short questions, letter writing and paraphrasing the text in BA/BSc and B.Com courses. So, to make the teaching/learning practices fruitful the judicious use of L1 may facilitate this process rather it would be proved as a language barrier in EFL classroom.

Full Text: PDF