International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Role of Reinforcement or Punishment in Learning English Language: A Study at Secondary Level in Southern Punjab Pakistan
Dr. Abdul Khaliq, Malik Shahid Rasool Douna, Muhammad Ahsan

The purpose of the study is to find out the role of reinforcement or punishment in learning English language. The population of the study was students of secondary classes in different schools of Dera Ghazi khan, southern Punjab, Pakistan. A five point likert scale questionnaire tool was used to collect the data from the target population. The collected data were analyzed through SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) applying tests like descriptive statistics, frequency, mean, standard deviation, Analysis of variation etc. Participant’s responses favored the statement that reinforcement serves as motivational force in learning English language. Participant’s responses favored the statement that punishment also serves as driving force in learning English language. It is noted from the participant’s responses that they are in favor of teacher’s role. It is concluded that teacher can enhance the learning process by using reinforcement or applying punishment tool according to the situation. English is a language which is actually an intrinsic stimulated among the learners. Therefore, a teacher must play the role of a facilitator in providing all guidance with related material and the same time must play the strict role as required according to the situation

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