International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Identifying the Defendant in Products Liability Litigation: Alternate Theories for Compensating Injured Plaintiffs
Richard J. Hunter, Jr; John H. Shannon; Henry J. Amoroso

A spirited public policy debate has raged in the United States for more than four decades revolving around the responsibility of drug manufacturers for their products that cause injury to unsuspecting plaintiffs. An important part of the debate centers around a drug—DES—that was marketed as a benefit to women in preventing miscarriages. Some interesting or "alternate" theories for assessing liability have received attention in the generic area of products liability. This article will discuss three of the most prominent and still controversial theories—alternative liability, enterprise liability, and market share liability. In addition, the article will include several case studies exemplifying the legal principles discussed — some coming to very difficult conclusions — regarding the efficacy and application of these theories to particular facts developed during litigation.

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