International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Islamic Theological Teachings on Ecology
Associate Professor Dr. Ibrahim Abu Bakar

Environmental crises are evident and observable in many countries such as global warming, water and air pollutions, deforestation, destruction of many core species of the seas, extinction or almost extinction of many species of animals, insects and plants, water shortage and food scarcity due to dried or flooded agricultural areas and accelerating spread of deserts. The environmental crises are caused directly or indirectly by humans living on this earth planet. Although humans are part and parcel of the ecological system, they are capable of causing the environmental crises. Their thoughts and actions have contributed to the environmental crises. Human thoughts and actions are shaped by human cultures, beliefs and values. Religions for many human beings are sources for their beliefs, values and actions. One of the world religions is Islam, the religion of Muslims and Islam has some teachings related to humans and their environments. Some of Islamic teachings on humans and environments are the concept of universe as the works and signs of God, the concept of hasanah (amenity) in this world, the concepts of moderation, equilibrium, greediness and wastefulness. This paper intends to elaborate and argue that these Islamic concepts are helpful and useful for human plans, efforts and actions to overcome some environmental crises.

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