International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss


The Elements of Rewards Towards the Children in the Process of Mastering Malay Language Vocabulary
Suziyati Abdul Mad*, Vijayaletchumy Subramaniam

The purpose of this study is to examine closely the elements of reward towards children in their process of mastering the Malay language vocabulary. Researcher focussed on 3 types of rewards; words of compliment, stars and stickers. Besides, this study also looked at the most effective reward in enhancing the mastery level of the Malay language vocabulary of the children. The theory used was the the learning operant theory by B.F Skinner (1957). This theory refers to stimulus (Reflection) + Organism + Response. From this S+O+R, behaviour is passed down and followed by a reward that covers both positive and negative reward and act as the strong support to exercise. A case study has been conducted and 30 children from the Children Development Laboratory (MPK), Human Ecology Faculty, UPM were used as the respondents. Researcher used observation and interview as the methods in the study. The findings were then analysed based on frequency (percentage). The highest percentage towards the frequency of these children in answering questions on Malay language vocabulary was analysed in four weeks to see the most effective reward in raising the mastery level of the children’s Malay language vocabulary.

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