International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Organizational Climate and Individual Factors Effects on Information Security Compliance Behaviour
Noor Ismawati Jaafar, Adnan Ajis

This study examines the organizational and individual factors that affect the information security compliance behaviour (ISCB) in a secured organization. A survey was conducted among 400 military personnel. A questionnaire was used to collect data on ISCB and the organizational climate and individual factors namely upper management practices, direct supervisory practices, co-worker socialization, self-efficacy, IS perception and personal innovativeness. As a result of this study, four factors affect ISCB. One factor is an organizational and the remaining are individual factors. These are co-worker socialization (CWS), information security perception (ISP), computer self-efficacy (CSE) and personal innovativeness (PI). It is found that ISP is the strongest determinant of ISCB. Detailed information security (IS) planning and a programme should be implemented by top management in the organization. Despite the different roles and responsibilities that come with different levels in the organization, all these users use information systems or the information it produces. This study provides evidence on how the social cognitive theory is combined with organizational and individual factors to study information security compliance in a secured organization.

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