International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

History, Performance and Challenges of Tourism Industry in Tanzania
Benedicto Kazuzuru

The study examines the history of inbound tourism in Tanzania, performance of tourism sector in the post independence era and key challenges which faces the sector. The history shows that the modern inbound tourism such as mount climbing started in the pre-colonial era with explorers and missionaries leading the exercise. The study further shows that the European market is so far the second largest for Tanzanian tourism after African market. This scenario could be attributed to the colonial link between Tanzania and Europe. As regards the performance, the sector has been doing well especially in the period prior Arusha declaration (prior socialism policies) and in the period after trade liberalization. Despite such a performance the sector is not doing well in comparison with neighbor countries such as Kenya. The sector also faces a number of challenges which include among others, revenue leakage, environmental destruction, poor infrastructure, poor research, lack of proper statistics and cultural destruction. The government and other stakeholders need to promote the sector by paying attention to the said challenges.

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