International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

Factors which Predict Violence Victimization in Tanzania
Lincoln Fry

Background: This paper examines the predictors of interpersonal violence in Tanzania. The purpose is to identify those factors and then to interpret the implications of the study’s results for violence prevention programs in that country. Materials and Methods: The study includes the responses of 2 386 Tanzanians collected in 2014 by the Sixth Round of the Afro barometer surveys. The study concentrates on 135respondents who reported either they or someone else in their family had been the victim of violence, defined as being physically attacked in their home, within the last year. Results: the surprising finding was that 112 of the 135 violence victims had also been property crime victims (83 percent).Logistical regression analysis identified three factors which predicted respondent victimization. In order of their strength these were being the victim of a property crime, fear of crime in the home, and the respondent’s perceptions about police corruption. The logistic regression produced Pseudo R2 of .35.Conclusions: Re-victimization appears central to interpersonal violent crime in Tanzania. These findings suggest that target hardening should be the framework used to begin to plan, implement and evaluate violence prevention programs in Tanzania.

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