International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

An Evaluation of literacy Education Present Status and Future Possibilities (With reference to Nomad Education in AJK)
Dr. Ali Murtaza, Dr. Javed Iqbal, Dr. Abdul Rehman Khaleeq

Literacy is one of the key elements to evaluate the social and economical development indicator of society. Most of the developing countries having big challenge like Pakistan. To disseminate literacy education, government of Pakistan had been doing many efforts by using different mode of education but, unfortunately, the challenge is still there. This study basically helped to see the real picture of literacy education, especially in the region of Azad Jammu & Kashmir with special reference to nomad’s education which is 4-5 million of population. This region having variety of mountainous valley which consist on large scattered population, mostly based on traditional sources of incomes like; cattle farming or agriculture. Nomads is also a big part of population, they are not having permanent houses and always traveled from one to other places, as the condition of weather. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the status of nomad population and what facilities or provisions are provided by the government for their literacy? A mixed method, ethnographic research approach was applied, including students and their parent. The research concluded that Nomads have traditionally marginalized and have very less opportunity of literacy education, while most of the population wanted to be a literate. There is need to provide opportunities for nomads through distance & Non-Formal system of education and to facilitate them through free education, scholarships and free books. If nomads become literate they would contribute in socio economic development of the region and also be able to improve quality of life.

Full Text: PDF