International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

A New Perspective on the Effects of Different Types of Job Demands on the Well-being of a Sample of Chinese Workers
Jing Zhang, Andrew P Smith

This study extended the Wellbeing Process Questionnaire by adding new variables, namely a multi-dimensional demands measure and work-related rumination. One hundred and nine employees from a variety of jobs in mainland China participated in the survey. The Wellbeing Process Questionnaire contained 38 questions measuring 11 dimensions. The results showed that the scales had good reliability. Analyses controlling for the combined effects of established predictors of well-being showed that work uncertainty negatively impacted well-being. Affective rumination was negatively associated with well-being, whereas problem-solving pondering was positively associated with well-being. The combined effects of established predictors of well-being must be controlled when assessing the impact of other variables. When this was done, unpredictable job demands and rumination were shown to be associated with well-being.

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