International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss

 

AN EMPRICAL STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF SOCIAL AND CULTURAL DIFFERENCES OF FOREIGN RETIRED RESIDENTS ON LOCAL CITIZENS AROUND ANTALYA AREA OF TURKEY
Prof. Dr. Zerrin Toprak Karaman

Abstract
Recently, the migration of foreign nationals to Turkey has increasingly been seen in terms of business, educational and political purposes or in terms of other reasons for instance the coercive impact of the climate change. Noticeable in the movements of these foreign nationals, is the incidence of retired migrants, who have chosen to settle in these coastal areas at a striking and increasing rate and which started initially for the purposes of tourism and subsequently turned into residency. This can be regarded as a type of migration with a feature that can be related to “human capital”. Consideration of the communities with a human capital value as “foreign social capital” is becoming increasingly more important in this new migration scenario. Migration movements have always been considered a crisis throughout history and related to national security. However, due to both their education level and purchasing power, the retired foreign residents of European origin generally have higher quality of living standards in socioeconomic sense than the local people who reside in the coastal areas. Tourism movements of retirees differ from other tourism movements by the feature of population profile. This group displays a tendency to adopt a settled life in the country. The question as to whether this population movement is really “a threat” or “an opportunity” is now being raised on the local and, gradually, national scale.

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