International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss


The Role of the US and Power Challenges in the New Geopolitical Order
Assist. Prof. Dr. Murat ALAKEL, Dr. Murat BAKIR

There are various factors may affect the leadership position of hegemonic powers in the ever-lasting great power struggles. The quantitative classical realist power elements, military power, population, and geographical location are some more important considerations; today, those are also highly valuable quantitatively and qualitatively: energy resources, high-tech and nano industries, social capital, services, financial institutions and environmental concerned good and technologies. The leading role and tasks of the US has changed and expanded aftermath the Cold War period. On one hand, the US has undoubtedly become the world?s biggest power; on the other hand, new powers to challenge the US have emerged, somehow reactive multipolarism rather than constitutive one, European Union (EU), G8, G20, Shangai Economic Cooperation; Russia, China, Iran, and South-East Asian Countries etc. The US? this leadership position is no doubt related to its dominance over the world energy sector and financial order to a certain extent. But, this paper is aiming at analyzing the role of “Extended Great Middle East Region” and its resources in the US? leadership efforts in the great power struggle. The analysis showed that contemporary geopolitical order conditions require that there should be more democratic strong state entities in this huge region which having new norms, regimes, rules and values. These new geopolitical „soft? requirements may be achieved through democratization of Middle East and Central Asian societies. Thus, the role of US on one hand in these circumstances is to support democratization efforts in the region and on the other hand is to make this region a very close strategic partner for itself in the everlasting great power rivalry; so that It wish mainly to form or sustain its new or classical geopolitical order supremacy over the non-legitimated polities and to transform in the near future. All these systemic changes are very dramatic and turbulent and leads to the emergence of the reordering macro and micro movements because of both external and internal factors, too. At last, there is the governance of the new more interdependent order either unilateral or multilateral.

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