International Journal of Business and Social Science

ISSN 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021 (Online) DOI: 10.30845/ijbss


“Exploring for Gender Based Discriminations in Public Sector Work Settings in Botswana: A Study of Employee Perceptions.”
Margaret M. Munyae

A sample of employees serving in varied Ministries in the public sector is analysed to assess the perceived nature and extent of gender discrimination in the public service in Botswana. Four categories of workplace conditions, namely, intrinsic rewards, extrinsic rewards, workplace support, and workplace stressors, are focused on. Because the basis for perceived differential treatment in the workplace for females and males could be the differential values attached to the various categories of workplace conditions by the two sexes, gender differences in the importance attached to the various categories of workplace conditions are also examined. Results from t-tests and for gender mean differences in perceived gender discrimination in general and in workplace conditions reveal that perceived levels in gender discrimination are low for both female and male employees. The means for the two sexes do not differ significantly. In addition, women are shown not to perceive inferior workplace experiences. Based on the lack of substantial discrimination in workplace rewards and conditions, it is concluded that de facto gender discrimination may exist but women do not perceive themselves to suffer or experience discrimination in the public sector.

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